Expected Family Contribution

The Expected Family Contribution (EFC) is the amount that the student and their parents are expected to contribute toward the student’s educational cost for the academic year. The federal need analysis formula that is built into the FAFSA utilizes the student and the parent’s income and assets, as well as other financial information reported on the application, in order to calculate the following:

  • Parental Contribution (PC) is calculated for dependent students only, based on the parent’s FAFSA information.
  • Student Contribution (SC) is calculated for dependent and independent students based on the student’s (and spouse’s if applicable) FAFSA information.

The EFC is not an actual amount that the student and/or the parent will have to pay or be billed for directly. It is an estimate (based on the income/asset information listed on the FAFSA) of how much the student and the parent should be able to contribute toward the student’s educational expenses throughout an academic year. If the EFC assessment is not manageable for the family, the Financial Aid Office may be able to replace that EFC with a loan offer.